Remember my tutorial on Basic Aperture? Well here we are going to go over Shutter Speed and how it can affect your photos!
Now, as I’ve said before, photography is all about light. The LONGER the shutter is open, the MORE light is let through, the SHORTER amount of time a shutter is open, the LESS light is let through.
Another way to not only control the amount of light but to control the mood, action, movement, and flow of a photo is by using your shutter speed to either slow it way down or speed it way up.
I suggest (if your camera has this option) you shoot in shutter priority (usually SP or S on the dial). You can control the shutter speed and it will automatically select the aperture.
As you can hopefully see in the progression here, going from a slower shutter speed made the water more smooth, silky, and less defined, by the end of the progression you can see how it caught a lot more of the action, the water was VERY defined and almost “frozen”.
When it comes to shutter speed, it’s defined by time. How many seconds or fractions of a second does it take to shoot that photo. For example having your shutter speed be 1 second would be considered a “slow” shutter speed, while 1/500th of a second would be considered a “fast” shutter speed.
Here are a few random examples of photographs I’ve shot over the years.
By using a slower shutter speed you really should use a tripod otherwise the photo can be blurry, generally everything BELOW 1/80th of a sec will need a stable base like a tripod or wall or table.
So to sum it up, if you want to take a photo that you want well defined and crisp, use a fast shutter speed (example: an exploding snowball against a tree). If you want a more moody or silky photo, a photo that shows movement, use a slow shutter speed (example: fireworks).